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The Danube is rising
The level of the Danube this morning at the beginning of the Bulgarian section at Vidin is 762 cm. The maximum reached in the last flood in 2006 is 970 cm. The water invades through Sarai and Top Kapi. The dam around the Baba Vida fortress, built on the principle of action of the coupling vessels, is filled with water from the river. The tendency in the middle and lower reaches of the Danube is to decrease the level.
The biggest flood in the history of Vidin was on March 4, 1942. In the winter of 1941-42 the temperatures dropped to minus 30 degrees and the Danube was freezing with thick ice. The icebreak formed on the Danube River in the beginning of March has become a local attraction. However, the ice is kept on the island of Bogdan (about 8 km along the river), creating an ice cap that rises sharply and quickly the water level. And the coast at Vidin at that time was higher than the city itself. Protected facilities, terrestrial dikes and drainage canals have failed to save the city, the water is overflowing and quickly floods it after midnight. People remember only the rumbling of the water in the dark night. The water reaches depths of up to 5 meters. At the orders of the mayor Stefan Totev, the temple bells begin to beat, awaken the sleeping people and that saves the city from many victims.
The magnitude of the disaster is enormous, and the damage is catastrophic. Hundreds of houses are destroyed. The streets and the main square of the city are boating. At that time a large part of the young men of Vidin were in Vardar Macedonia in the ranks of the Third Bin 'Infantry Regiment, and there is only a small number of troops available in the city. However, the authorities' response was then perfectly organized. German aviation bombarded the ice bay on the island of Bogdan and unpacked the river to begin its slow drain.
Video: Facebook: Sonya Kirilova Machorska
50 years of Bulgarian-Serbian friendship
The Ambassador of Bulgaria to Serbia, His Excellency Radko Vlaykov, welcomed representatives of Belogradchik (Bulgaria) and Knjazevac (Serbia) on the occasion of the Treaty of friendship and cooperation between the two municipalities signed five decades ago, Belogradchik press office announced.
The delegation from the Serbian side participated: Miodrag Ivkovic - chairman of the Knyazevac municipal council, Miroljub Mihailovich - Mayor of the Municipality, Vladan Radovanovic - coordinator for cross-border cooperation and Lyubomir Veselinov from Belogradchik Municipality.
The attendees at the meeting shared interesting facts from the history of the twinning of the two municipalities. Collaboration with local authorities and realized projects in the field of tourism, prevention of forest fires, in the field of education, conducting of joint cultural events - Folklore Festival "From Timok to Iskar", Poetic Observatory, paintings exhibitions, etc. The contribution of the two Turkish companies was also noted in the development and strengthening of good neighborly relations and the creation of new friendships. Vladan Radovanovic introduced to the participants the upcoming cultural events in 2018 for the anniversary.
Belogradchik and Knjazevac more than a century ago were connected to the border crossing point of the Cadia Boaz Pass, which for the last 18 years opened only for two days in July, when an international folklore festival was held. The project for its continuous operation has always been up to date, but no result has been achieved so far. His Excellency Radko Vlaykov promised assistance at the highest level.
During the meeting in the Bulgarian Embassy was discussed the possibility of participation by cultural program of the two municipalities in the reception, which will organize the Embassy in Belgrade on the occasion of the Presidency of Bulgaria of the Council of the European Union scheduled for 9 May 2018.
In front of the house of Layosh Koshout in Vidin
Every year around March 15, when the National Day of Hungary is celebrated, the memory of revolutionary Lajos Koshout is celebrated in Vidin. In front of the house, where he lived three months, many people gathered, representatives of the institutions and the Vidin Metropolis. Her Excellency Ms. Tekla Harangozo, Ambassador of Hungary to Bulgaria, briefly spoke about the importance of the Hungarian Revolution of 1848 and its leaders for the freedom of independence of Hungary, mentioning the names of Shandor Petyofi and Lajos Koshout. Her Excellency Ms. Tekla Harangozo was accompanied by Zoltan Horvat, Deputy Head of Mission, Chaba Balaj, Consul and Lt Colonel Zoltan Coca, a military and air attack attache (from the Hungarian Embassy in Bucharest).
After the defeat of the Hungarian Revolution, Koshout, along with about 6,000 of his associates in 1850, crossed the border with the Ottoman Empire and settled in Vidin, Shumen and Kutahiah (Asia Minor). His family joined him, and in September 1851, with the help of the United States, Koshut traveled originally to France with the intention of crossing it on his way to England, but did not get permission from Napoleon III, then went to Gibraltar to England where he spent three months and then for America. Everywhere he is solemnly welcomed as a fighter for freedom and democracy, and his meeting with Abraham Lincoln is specially organized, as Lincoln calls him "the most worthy and prominent representative of the cause of civil and religious freedom on the continent of Europe."
A comment on the life and activity of Koshut was given by Ognian Tsenkov, mayor of Vidin Municipality.
In front of the memorial plaque of the great Hungarian revolutionary, wreaths and flowers were laid in recognition.
Video: Facebook: Sonya Kirilova Machorska
Foreign guests in Svishtov under the Erasmus + Program
In connection with the activities of the Erasmus + project related to entrepreneurship, teachers and students from "Nikolay Katranov" School together with guests from the Czech Republic, Croatia, Spain and Latvia met Deputy Mayor Anelia Dimitrova, Head of Education Department Rumyana Kuseva and the local entrepreneur Eng. Yordan Lunchev, announced from the press center of Svishtov Municipality.
Deputy Mayor Anelia Dimitrova told the guests about the "first things" that make Svishtov a special city and which are the pride of all its inhabitants - the first free city; first independent city government; first secular school; first Bulgarian community center. She did not forget to mention a number of notable names, which contributed to the development not only of her city but also of Bulgaria.
Rumyana Kuseva thanked the project leaders for their initiative and was pleased to note that Svishtov schools are extremely active and open to new activities that enable young people to broaden their horizons, communicate with peers from other countries, and be part of the largest European family.
Engineer Lunchev highlighted the advantage of young people to grow and develop at a time when open borders give much freedom to create and work. A time when new technologies support the dynamics of processes and the realization of goals.
As part of a Citizens Information Project related to the Bulgarian Presidency of the EU Council 2018, a presentation was made to the guests, whose main objective was to promote the positive image of Bulgaria as a reliable partner within the EU and the benefits of a Presidency.
Martenitsa from Bulgaria
This custom, considered the Bulgarian, is characteristic of the Balkan Peninsula and has become a Balkan tradition. Martenitsa (Bulgarian: мартеница, pronounced [ˈmartɛnit͡sa], Macedonian: мартинка, Greek: μάρτης, Romanian: mărțișor) is a small piece of adornment, made of white and red yarn and worn from March 1 until around the end of March (or the first time an individual sees a stork, swallow, or budding tree). The name of the holiday is Baba Marta. "Baba" (баба) is the Bulgarian word for "grandmother" and Mart (март) is the Bulgarian word for the month of March. Baba Marta is a Bulgarian tradition related to welcoming the upcoming spring. The month of March, according to Bulgarian folklore, marks the beginning of springtime. Therefore, the first day of March is a traditional holiday associated with sending off winter and welcoming spring.
The State Agency for Bulgarians Abroad published a call – “exactly at 12 noon (local time) on March 1, 2018 every Bulgarian to publish on social networks with hashtag: #BabaMarta cadres of the Bulgarian unique holiday of faith and hope in the vitality and prosperity. Let us show to the world that the Bulgarian spirit is alive and that, wherever there are Bulgarians in the world, there are also Martenitsi!” Outside Bulgaria there are over 3 million Bulgarians.
On the first day of March and for a few days afterwards, Bulgarians exchange and wear white and red tassels or the Pizho and Penda dolls. In Bulgarian folklore the name Baba Marta (in Bulgarian баба Марта meaning Grandma March) is related to a grumpy old lady whose mood swings very rapidly.
This is an old pagan tradition that remains almost unchanged today. The common belief is that by wearing the red and white colours of the martenitsa people ask Baba Marta for mercy. They hope that it will make winter pass faster and bring spring. Many people wear more than one martenitsa. They receive them as presents from relatives, close friends and colleagues. Martenitsa is usually worn pinned on the clothes, near the collar, or tied around the wrist. The tradition calls for wearing the martenitsa until the person sees a stork or a blooming tree. The stork is considered a harbinger of spring and as evidence that Baba Marta is in a good mood and is about to retire.
Wearing one or more martenitsi is a very popular Bulgarian tradition. The martenitsa symbolises new life, conception, fertility, and spring. The time during which it is worn is meant to be a joyful holiday commemorating health and long life. The colours of the martenitsa are interpreted as symbols of purity and life, as well as the need for harmony in Nature and in people's lives.
Some of the specific features of parvomartenskata rituals and especially tying the twisted white and red woolen threads, are the fruit of centuries-old tradition that has been inherent in the Thracian (Paleo-Balkan) times.
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