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Festival of the Chiprovtsi Carpet

30.04.2017

Sonya Machorska

    The holiday is organized for the third consecutive year in the small town of Chiprovtsi, Northwestern Bulgaria. The festival promotes the original woven works and traditions of the craft, showing live the technique of weaving that does not have a factory analogue.

   It is known that the area around Chiprovtsi has been inhabited since the time of the Thracians and later the Roman Empire, when the local metal deposits were exploited.

   The western traveller Ami Boué, who visited the town in 1836–1838, reported that "mainly young girls, under shelters or in corridors, engage in carpet weaving. They earn only five francs a month and the payment was even lower before". By 1868, the annual production of carpets in Chiprovtsi had surpassed 14,000 square metres.

Chiprovtsi carpets are handmade flatwoven carpet rugs with two identical sides, part of Bulgarian national heritage, traditions, arts and crafts. Their name is derived from the town of Chiprovtsi where their production started in the 17th century.

The basic colours are yellow, brown, red, blue and green. The very first carpets were in only two colours - red and black. This unique and typically Bulgarian craft flourished during the Bulgarian National Revival. The carpets are made of natural materials like cotton and wool.

   In 1879, Chiprovtsi donated to Prince Dondukov the largest woven carpet in the village, measuring 7 x 6 m - the first big glory of the Chiprov carpenters and merchants in the capital Sofia.

    Today, Chiprovtsi carpets are all over the world. Since last yearthe unique carpets have been included in the UNESCO World Heritage Site.

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Bulgarian luthiers and Expo 2017 classic

Sonya Machorska

   VI-it national exhibition for Bulgarian luthier art was found in historical museum "Iskra" - Kazanlak, informed the press office of the municipality.

   The exhibition opened Director of "Iskra" Dr. Momchil Marinov, who smashed world level Kazanlak school. Even back in 1918. Kazanlak was discovered first luthier workshop. The city quickly became the center of Lutherans in the Balkans and won the recognition of Italian and German established centers in Europe to earn a master craft in Kazanlak ovation and fame world today. Masters of Kazanlak is a key part of the Union of luthiers in Bulgaria.

   Mayor of Kazanlak Galina Stoyanova greeted luthier "is a great pleasure for me to be here today and I am happy that the name of Kazanlak, except as the Rose Valley of the Kings is established and Valley of the violins," she said, thanking them for the revival of the craft and humility with which they work.

   "Hopefully with Expo classic 2017 provoke and motivate young people to continue the tradition," wished the President of the Union of luthiers Plamen Miltchev and thanked the participants Andrian Andreev Anton Genchev, Georgi Georgiev, Edryo Edrev and his successors, followers Plamen and radio, Ivan Stankov Mityo Dimitrov and Plamen Miltchev.

   The magic atmosphere filled the musicians of the quartet "Arte plus" from Stara Zagora. They delighted the guests with performances of favorite classical works by Bach, Brahms, Dvorak, Mozart, the audience applauded feet. In the pauses were playing some skilful violins that after the handsome matinee visitors had the option to touch, to razsviryat and enjoy the string sound.

   Expo 2017 classic is part of the celebrations of Chudomir in Kazanlak, presenting author classical string instruments and accessories, with live workshop.

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Svishtov treasure in Vienna

Sonya Machorska

     The exhibition of Bulgarian golden treasure from the town of Svishtov will be exhibited until June 25 this year in the Museum of Art History (German: Kunsthistorisches Museum) in the Austrian capital, informed the press office of the Municipality of Svishtov. The exhibition is part of a research project of Bulgarian and Austrian Academy of Sciences. Svishtov treasure is one of the chosen few Bulgarian artifacts to participate in this exhibition dedicated to metals and resources in the Bronze Age in the eastern part of the Balkan Peninsula.

   Svishtov treasure is dated in the mid-II millennium. BC. BC. and consists of thirteen gold ornaments and six bronze objects, all placed in a clay pot buried in the ground. Open in 2011, was donated by treasure discoverer R. Todorov of City History Museum - Svishtov.

    On September 1 The Svishtov treasure will be exhibited in the Historical Museum in Bergen, the old capital of Norway, along with treasures from twelve museums of Bulgaria on "Legends in gold. Thracian Treasures from Bulgaria."

   The Kunsthistorisches Museum is an art museum in Vienna, Austria. Housed in its festive palatial building on Ringstraße, it is crowned with an octagonal dome. The term Kunsthistorisches Museum applies to both the institution and the main building. It is the largest art museum in the country.It was opened around 1891 at the same time as the Naturhistorisches Museum, by Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria-Hungary. Both buildings were built between 1871 and 1891 according to plans drawn up by Gottfried Semper and Karl Freiherr von Hasenauer.

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Еlectric bicycles

Sonya Machorska

   Two-day tour with electric bicycles launched today from Vidin, announced Evtim Stefanov, Executive Director of the Agency for Regional Development and Business Center - Vidin, leading beneficiary of the project in partnership with three associations: Vidin Chamber of Commerce; Romanian Association for Electronic and Software Industry Branch Oltenia, Craiova and the Association of employers of small and medium Calafat. The project "Network for electric bicycles" is funded under the INTERREG V-A Romania-Bulgaria.

   In bike tour took 80 seeking from Bulgaria and Romania. The two-day tour aims to promote riding electric bicycles and build a sustainable individual mobility in all the cross-border area of ​​Bulgaria and Romania. The project "E-bike net" intends to encourage the use of this form of transport for recreation or tourism. The electric bicycle can pass a distance of 50 to 70 kilometers, relying on an electric battery.

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Martenitsa

01.03.2017

   This custom, considered the Bulgarian, is characteristic of the Balkan Peninsula and has become a Balkan tradition. Martenitsa (Bulgarian: мартеница, pronounced [ˈmartɛnit͡sa], Macedonian: мартинка, Greek: μάρτης, Romanian: mărțișor) is a small piece of adornment, made of white and red yarn and worn from March 1 until around the end of March (or the first time an individual sees a stork, swallow, or budding tree). The name of the holiday is Baba Marta. "Baba" (баба) is the Bulgarian word for "grandmother" and Mart (март) is the Bulgarian word for the month of March. Baba Marta is a Bulgarian tradition related to welcoming the upcoming spring. The month of March, according to Bulgarian folklore, marks the beginning of springtime. Therefore, the first day of March is a traditional holiday associated with sending off winter and welcoming spring.

   On the first day of March and for a few days afterwards, Bulgarians exchange and wear white and red tassels or the Pizho and Penda dolls. In Bulgarian folklore the name Baba Marta (in Bulgarian баба Марта meaning Grandma March) is related to a grumpy old lady whose mood swings very rapidly.

   This is an old pagan tradition that remains almost unchanged today. The common belief is that by wearing the red and white colours of the martenitsa people ask Baba Marta for mercy. They hope that it will make winter pass faster and bring spring. Many people wear more than one martenitsa. They receive them as presents from relatives, close friends and colleagues. Martenitsa is usually worn pinned on the clothes, near the collar, or tied around the wrist. The tradition calls for wearing the martenitsa until the person sees a stork or a blooming tree. The stork is considered a harbinger of spring and as evidence that Baba Marta is in a good mood and is about to retire.

   Wearing one or more martenitsi is a very popular Bulgarian tradition. The martenitsa symbolises new life, conception, fertility, and spring. The time during which it is worn is meant to be a joyful holiday commemorating health and long life. The colours of the martenitsa are interpreted as symbols of purity and life, as well as the need for harmony in Nature and in people's lives.

Some of the specific features of parvomartenskata rituals and especially tying the twisted white and red woolen threads, are the fruit of centuries-old tradition that has been inherent in the Thracian (Paleo-Balkan) times.

   The main objective of the exhibition is to preserve the common cultural heritage, which is the day of Baba Marta, through promotion and dissemination beyond its intrinsic regions and support the initiative to submit a common application for inclusion of martenitsa on the list of Intangible Cultural Heritage of UNESCO.

   In 2015, Vidin apply for inclusion in the book "Guinness World Record" with the longest martenitsa - 16,704 m, which was awarded with a certificate.

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Thursday, 25 May 2017
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