This custom, considered the Bulgarian, is characteristic of the Balkan Peninsula and has become a Balkan tradition. Martenitsa (Bulgarian: мартеница, pronounced [ˈmartɛnit͡sa], Macedonian: мартинка, Greek: μάρτης, Romanian: mărțișor) is a small piece of adornment, made of white and red yarn and worn from March 1 until around the end of March (or the first time an individual sees a stork, swallow, or budding tree). The name of the holiday is Baba Marta. "Baba" (баба) is the Bulgarian word for "grandmother" and Mart (март) is the Bulgarian word for the month of March. Baba Marta is a Bulgarian tradition related to welcoming the upcoming spring. The month of March, according to Bulgarian folklore, marks the beginning of springtime. Therefore, the first day of March is a traditional holiday associated with sending off winter and welcoming spring.
On the first day of March and for a few days afterwards, Bulgarians exchange and wear white and red tassels or the Pizho and Penda dolls. In Bulgarian folklore the name Baba Marta (in Bulgarian баба Марта meaning Grandma March) is related to a grumpy old lady whose mood swings very rapidly.
This is an old pagan tradition that remains almost unchanged today. The common belief is that by wearing the red and white colours of the martenitsa people ask Baba Marta for mercy. They hope that it will make winter pass faster and bring spring. Many people wear more than one martenitsa. They receive them as presents from relatives, close friends and colleagues. Martenitsa is usually worn pinned on the clothes, near the collar, or tied around the wrist. The tradition calls for wearing the martenitsa until the person sees a stork or a blooming tree. The stork is considered a harbinger of spring and as evidence that Baba Marta is in a good mood and is about to retire.
Wearing one or more martenitsi is a very popular Bulgarian tradition. The martenitsa symbolises new life, conception, fertility, and spring. The time during which it is worn is meant to be a joyful holiday commemorating health and long life. The colours of the martenitsa are interpreted as symbols of purity and life, as well as the need for harmony in Nature and in people's lives.
Some of the specific features of parvomartenskata rituals and especially tying the twisted white and red woolen threads, are the fruit of centuries-old tradition that has been inherent in the Thracian (Paleo-Balkan) times.
The main objective of the exhibition is to preserve the common cultural heritage, which is the day of Baba Marta, through promotion and dissemination beyond its intrinsic regions and support the initiative to submit a common application for inclusion of martenitsa on the list of Intangible Cultural Heritage of UNESCO.
In 2015, Vidin apply for inclusion in the book "Guinness World Record" with the longest martenitsa - 16,704 m, which was awarded with a certificate.
EU-pilot project between Bulgaria and Romania Sonya Machorska The Mari [ ... ]
Dunav Ultra - the longest cycling route in Bulgaria Sonya Machorska Th [ ... ]
Belgrade - conference on Sustainable Tourism in the Danube Region Sonya Machorska [ ... ]
International events for Danube Day 29.06.2017 Danube Day events encourage [ ... ]
Midsummer Festival of wild flowers in the Rhodopes 24.06.2017 The evening of 23 June, St [ ... ]
The Incredible paintings of Dimitar Vetzin 06.06.2017 The 51st individual [ ... ]
Magic climax of the Rose Festival Sonya Machorska More than 4000 peopl [ ... ]
Festival of the Chiprovtsi Carpet 30.04.2017 Sonya Machorska The hol [ ... ]
Bulgarian luthiers and Expo 2017 classic Sonya Machorska VI-it national exh [ ... ]
TTR - Romanian Tourism Fair Sonya Machorska 37th edition of the Intern [ ... ]
New fossils in the Danube at Ruse 13.02.2017 Sonya Machorska Teeth of [ ... ]
Banned shipping in the Bulgarian section of the Danube 10.01.2017 Sonya Machorska   [ ... ]
Epiphany and the water that purifies the soul 06.01.2017 Sonya Machorska Epiphany (Koin [ ... ]
Opened the winter season in Pamporovo, Bulgaria 10.12.2016 Tourism Min [ ... ]
Gypsy Romance and Russian songs under Belogradchik Rocks 02.12.2016 Sonya Machorska &nb [ ... ]
Dr. Kim Ir - Korean doctor 25.11.2016 Sonya Machorska From this spring in [ ... ]