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Lapidarium to Baba Vida Castle

25.10.2017

Sonya Machorska

   Lapidarium (stones with inscriptions) with epigraphic values ​​from Antiquity, Middle Ages and Ottoman Age opened today in Vidin. Funded under the Cultural Heritage and Contemporary Arts program of the European Economic Area's financial mechanism, the new museum is still "part of the millennial history of the Danube city," said Albena Georgieva, governor of Vidin district.

   The mayor of the town, Eng. Ognian Tsenkov, opened the cultural and historical site, saying that "the tourist segment of Vidin is growing."

   Fionera Filipova, Director of the Historical Museum in the city, has thoroughly told the stories of almost all 38 exposed stone plates, ornaments, etc. They are mostly from the Roman city of Ratiaria and the Vidin region, most of them seized by treasure hunters.

   Many students and older citizens "came to life" the inscriptions and their epochs read by museum specialists and consultants at the Archaeological Museum at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Some - dedicated to God Dionysius and wine, to Roman legionnaires and the achievements for that era, to a boy from Albotin, to two heirs of Tsar Ivan Sratsimir (of the Shishmanovtsi family). In the hall can be seen the only Jewish monument found, as well as floral elements of the Ottoman period and others.

Ratiaria (later named Colonia Ulpia Traiana Ratiaria) was a city founded by the Moesians, a Daco-Thracian tribe, in the 4th century BC, along the river Danube. The former Archdiocese was revived as a Latin Catholic Metropolitan titular archbishopric. The city had a gold mine in the vicinity, which was exploited by the Thracians.

Probably the city arose in the second half of the 1st century under Vespasian (69-79). In honor of the successful end of the Second Dacian War in 106, Emperor Trajan gave the city the title of Colony. After the administrative reform of Diocletian from the end of the 3rd century, the city became the capital of the province of Dacian Coast. Ratiaria existed until 586 when, according to Theophylact, the Simokata was destroyed by the Avars.

   Colonia Ulpia Trairana Ratiaria is mentioned for the first time in an inscription of 125 AD, the earliest precisely dated written statement that mentions his name.

   There is evidence that around the end of the 1 st century. from NE in Ratiaria is settled for some time IV Flavius ​​Legion and auxiliary troops. Towards the period 2c. from NE there are also a large number of inscriptions from which some observations can be made on the character of the population: civilian population of military and non-military origin - Italians and peregrins.

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